Aryabhata, also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder, (born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India), astronomer and the earliest Indian. Aryabhata(some time misspelled as ‘Aryabhatta’) was one of the first Indian mathematicians and astronomers belonging to the classical age. He was born in In [8] it is claimed that Aryabhata was born in the Asmaka region of the Vakataka dynasty in South India although the author accepted that he lived most of his life.

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Bulletin of the Astronomical Society of India. Archived from the original on 1 October This biography profiles his childhood, life, works, achievements and timeline.

Aryabhata the Elder

Mathematical series, quadratic equationscompound interest involving a quadratic equationproportions ratiosand the solution of various linear equations are among the arithmetic and algebraic topics included.

Aryabhata discussed the concept of sine in his work by the name of ardha-jyaautobiograpny literally means “half-chord”. Thus, it has been suggested that Aryabhata’s calculations were based on an underlying heliocentric model, in which the planets orbit the Sun, [35] [36] [37] though this has been rebutted. In Ganitapada, he gives the area of a triangle as: Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of Aryabhataalso called Aryabhata I or Autobiogrxphy the Elderbornpossibly Ashmaka or Uatobiography, Indiaastronomer and the earliest Indian mathematician whose work and autobiogrxphy are available to modern scholars.

It claims that it is a translation by Aryabhata, but the Sanskrit name of this work is not known. This problem was also studied in ancient Chinese mathematics, and its solution is usually referred to as the Chinese remainder theorem.

Some of his results are cited by Al-Khwarizmi and in the 10th century Al-Biruni stated that Aryabhata’s followers believed that the Earth rotated on its axis. He introduced the concepts of zero and decimals. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote Wikisource.

Archived from the original on 11 July atobiography Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. In fact, modern names “sine” and “cosine” are mistranscriptions of the words jya and kojya as introduced by Aryabhata.


He is also known as Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder to distinguish him from a 10th-century Indian mathematician of the same name. Aryabhata is known for one very great work and this would be the Aryabhatiya.

Aryabhata II

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aryabhata. Last Days of Aryabhata Aryabhata is believed to have died around A. Aryabhata described a geocentric model of the solar system, in which the Sun and Moon are lf carried autobiographu epicycles. His contribution to mathematics, science and astronomy is immense, and yet he has not been accorded the recognition in the world history of science. Aryabhata was an ancient Indian mathematician-astronomer. While he did not use a symbol for zerothe French mathematician Georges Ifrah argues that knowledge of zero was implicit in Aryabhata’s place-value system as a place holder for the powers of ten with null coefficients.

Archived from the original on 17 October He expressed this relativity thus: As mentioned, they were translated as jiba and kojiba in Arabic and then misunderstood by Gerard of Cremona while translating an Arabic geometry text to Latin.

The square of the sum of the series autoniography the sum of the cubes. Yadav 28 October A verse mentions that Aryabhata was the head of an institution kulapa at Kusumapura. Using the Pythagorean theoremhe obtained one of the two methods for constructing his table of sines.

Sir Isaac Newton, English physicist aryabhatq mathematician, who was the culminating figure of the scientific….

He states that the Moon and planets shine by reflected sunlight. This was one of the many treatises he would write during his lifetime. He served as the head of an institution kulapa at Kusumapura and might have also been the head of the Nalanda university. The Aryabhatiya is also remarkable for its description of relativity of motion. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. His later writings, which apparently proposed the ardha-rAtrikA, or midnight model, are lost.

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Indian Journal of History of Science. Portions of the work were quoted in other works and this has allowed it to avoid becoming lost. It is written in the very terse style typical of sutra literature, in which each line is an aid to memory for a complex system. Calendric calculations devised by Aryabhata and his followers have been in continuous use in India for the practical purposes of fixing the Panchangam the Hindu calendar. The mathematical part of the Aryabhatiya covers arithmeticalgebraplane trigonometryand spherical trigonometry.

Thus, the explication of meaning is due to commentators. He discusses at length the size and extent of the Earth’s shadow verses gola. The inter-school Aryabhata Maths Competition is also named after him, [44] as is Bacillus aryabhataa species of bacteria discovered in the stratosphere by ISRO scientists in The United Nations UN ….

Aryabhata Biography and Facts |

His computational paradigm was so accurate that 18th-century scientist Guillaume Le Gentilduring a visit to Pondicherry, India, found the Indian computations of the duration of the lunar eclipse of 30 August to be short by 41 seconds, whereas his charts by Tobias Mayer, were long by 68 seconds. Leave this field empty.

His definitions of sine jyacosine kojyaversine utkrama-jyaand inverse sine otkram jya influenced the birth of trigonometry. He did not use the Brahmi numerals, and continued the Sanskritic tradition from Vedic times of using letters of the alphabet to denote numbers, expressing quantities in a mnemonic form.

It is one of the earliest astronomical works to assign the start of each day to midnight. Its author, Aryabhata I c. Within the mathematics portion of the work, a great deal was written about high level math topics such as plane trigonometry and spherical trigonometry, along with sections on arithmetic, quadratic equations, and algebra. It is also occasionally referred to as Arya-shatas-aShTa literally, Aryabhata’s autkbiography, because there are verses in the text.